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Ecuador Military


The Ecuadorian Armed Forces consists of the Army (Ejercito Ecuatoriano), the Navy (Armada Ecuatoriana, includes Marines) and Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Ecuatoriana). Organisationally, the Army, the Navy and the Air Force form up the Comando Conjunto de las Fuerzas Armadas (Joint Command of the Armed Forces), where the Army is referred to as Fuerza Terrestre (Land Forces).

According to the Ecuadorian Law of National Security (Ley de Seguridad Nacional), the Joint Command, along with the Ministry of National Defence, constitute the Military Front (Frente Militar). It is the duty of the Military Front to give advice to the President of the Republic and the National Security Council in everything related to military and warmaking policies.

The Ecuadorian Army maintains presence in Continental Ecuador, Galapagos (the islands region) and the Antarctic at the 'Pedro Vicente Maldonado' Navy Biological Research Station.

The Ecuadorian Air Force and Army are divided into Military Zones, each zone is defended by two or more brigades and a fighter wing. Regarding the navy this is divided into Naval Zones, each zone has the presence of Battlegroups ready for combat when the Center for Combined Military Actions calls them.


Military branches
Army, Navy (includes Naval Infantry, Naval Aviation, Coast Guard), Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Ecuatoriana, FAE) (2007)

Military service age and obligation
20 years of age for selective conscript military service; 12-month service obligation (2008)

Manpower available for military service
males age 16-49: 3,536,602
females age 16-49: 3,559,188 (2008 est.)

Manpower fit for military service
males age 16-49: 3,030,664
females age 16-49: 3,037,892 (2008 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
males age 16-49: 144,821
females age 16-49: 139,091 (2008 est.)

Military expenditures
2.8% (2006)





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